When a loan is amortizing, it means that when a payment is made, it goes to both paying the loan's interest and paying off the principal. When a loan is fully amortizing, it means that the entire principal will be paid off by the end of the loan's term, while if a loan is partially amortizing, only a part of the principal will be paid off, leaving what's commonly known as a balloon payment. Fortunately for borrowers, HUD 223(f) loans are fully amortizing, which means that when the loan term is over (assuming the borrower does not default or refinance the loan), the entire principal will be paid off.
When purchasing or refinancing a building with a HUD 223(f) loan, investors and developers often need to decide whether to set rents low enough to have the property legally qualify as affordable housing, or to set rents at the going market rate. While market rate units typically provide more rental income upfront, deciding to make an affordable housing development can have a variety of benefits for developers and investors.