How Long do HUD 223(f) Loans Take to Close?
How long does it take for a HUD 223(f) loan to close? The answer can vary-- based on factors including how long it takes to perform due diligence on the borrower, and how long it takes to produce essential third-party reports on the property. In the best case scenario, a HUD 223(f) loan will takStart Your Application and Unlock the Power of Choice$5.6M offered by a Bank at 6.1%$1.2M offered by a Bank at 6.0%$2M offered by an Agency at 5.6%$1.4M offered by a Credit Union at 6.1%Click Here to Get Quotes!
HUD 223(f) Loan Closing Timelines
How long does it take for a HUD 223(f) loan to close? The answer can vary based on variety of factors. These include the length of time it takes to perform due diligence on the borrower, as well as the length of time it takes to produce essential third-party reports on the property, such as appraisals, market studies, and environmental assessments.
However, in most cases, it will take about 45-60 days after engaging with a lender for the application to be submitted to HUD. This is followed by another 60-90 day waiting period until HUD issues their commitment, and another 30-45 days to closing. In the best case scenario, a HUD 223(f) loan will take about 135 days, or 4.5 months from initial engagement to close. However, if complexities arise, the HUD 223(f) loan process could take 6 months or more.
TO LEARN MORE ABOUT FHA 223F LOANS, FILL OUT THE FORM BELOW AND A HUD LENDING EXPERT WILL GET IN TOUCH.
How long does the HUD 223(f) loan process typically take?
In general, FHA 223(f) loans take between 100 and 150 days (4 to 5 months) to close. The actual time frame depends on specifics of each deal. However, in the best case scenario, a HUD 223(f) loan will take about 135 days, or 4.5 months from initial engagement to close. However, if complexities arise, the HUD 223(f) loan process could take 6 months or more.
What are the steps involved in the HUD 223(f) loan process?
The HUD 223(f) loan process involves a few steps, including:
- Submitting an application to HUD
- Undergoing a review process
- Receiving a commitment from HUD
- Closing the loan
For more information, you can refer to the full checklist of requirements provided by HUD.
What are the eligibility requirements for HUD 223(f) loans?
Eligible Borrowers for HUD 223(f) Loans: If you're an investor or developer who wants to use a HUD 223(f) loan to acquire or refinance a multifamily property, you'll need to make sure you that your borrowing entity has the correct legal structure. In general, HUD 223(f) loans require that the borrower is a single asset, special purpose entity (SPE), which can either be a for profit or a non-profit entity.
Eligible Properties for HUD 223(f) Loans: HUD 223(f) Loans Permit Nearly All Property Types. In general, to be eligible for HUD 223(f) financing, a property:
- Must have 5+ residential units
- Must have complete kitchens and bathrooms for each unit
- Can be row, walkup, detached, semi-detached, or elevator-type rental or cooperative housing
- Can be student housing, but multiple rents cannot be derived from one unit and rents need to be similar to comparable multifamily properties
- Can be market-rate, affordable, or rental assisted/subsidized (i.e. Section 8, Section 202)
- Cannot be an assisted living, skilled nursing, or memory care property (though independent living facilities for seniors are allowed)
- Must have all construction and major rehabilitation finished three or more years before beginning the HUD loan application process
What are the advantages of HUD 223(f) loans?
HUD 223(f) loans offer some of the best terms in the industry for the acquisition and refinancing of multifamily and apartment properties. These loans are non-recourse, offer high leverage, low interest rates, and lenient DSCR requirements.
The advantages of HUD 223(f) loans include:
- Low, fixed interest rates
- Loans are fully assumable (with FHA/HUD approval)
- Non-recourse, limiting risks for developers
The terms of HUD 223(f) loans are as follows:
Loan amount Terms Leverage Interest rates DSCR requirements $1 million, no set maximum Between 10 and 35 years Up to 85% LTV for market-rate properties, 87% LTV for affordable properties, 90% LTV for properties using rental assistance. Fixed for the life of the loan. Includes a mortgage insurance premium, or MIP. 1.18x for market-rate properties, 1.15x for affordable properties, and 1.11x for rental assistance properties.
What are the disadvantages of HUD 223(f) loans?
The disadvantages of HUD 223(f) loans include:
- Somewhat longer closing times than comparable loans (i.e. Freddie Mac® or Fannie Mae® multifamily loans)
- Can require a lot of documentation, including appraisals, market studies, and environmental reports
- Requires the payment of a mortgage insurance premium (MIP), as a one-time fee at closing and on a monthly basis
- Like most other HUD multifamily loans, HUD 223(f) loans require replacement reserves and annual operational audits
- Owner distributions are limited to 2x a year
Additionally, HUD 223(f) loans have a variety of other drawbacks, including:
- HUD is a government agency, which translates into more time to process loans, usually 100 to 120 days, but sometimes longer.
- A borrower's rate won't be locked until HUD gives a commitment. This may take 3-4 months, which can lead to some uncertainty.
- There is a need to pay both initial and annual MIP (Mortgage Insurance Premiums).
- Additional HUD requirements include:
- HUD property inspections
- Annual audits (these often cost around $2,500)
- Replacement reserve escrows (in addition to regular tax and insurance escrows)
- Restrictions include:
- Cash out restrictions (including certain restrictions on cash out refinances)
- Owner distribution restrictions (these are limited to 2x a year, once after the annual audit, and one time after a certification is signed by the borrower)
- HUD and FHA fees which increase the loan’s overall cost:
- FHA inspection fees
- Third-party reports
- Title and recording fees
- Financing fees
- Legal fees